|Suggested answers for the on-line questions are provided
below. To allow for differentiation, worksheets are provided at Standard Grade
Foundation / Access 3 levels.|
1 Janet worked
12 hours a day. All night Friday and came up at 12 in the day i.e.31 hours
2 Creel was a hundredweight.
3 Did not enjoy job. She never had a liking
for the work and "father makes me like it."
4 Isabella fell asleep due
to heat and fatigue.
5 She was uncomfortable because she was frequently
in water up to the calves of her legs. When weather was warm she had difficulty
6 Points of agreement:
She works ten and fourteen hours
Her father took Agnes and her sister into the mine
She says the
lassies hate the work
1 The putters drag or
push the carts containing the coal from the coal wall to the pit bottom
2 Primary source from time children worked in mines
Official report to Children's
Employment Commission, likely to be accurate
Describes some of work done by
Limited in that it only describes the work of putters
|Name of Person Injured||Description
|Robert Sneddon (brother of Mary
Sneddon)||Piece of roof fell on head. Killed instantly|
|Robert Russell||A hutchie passed
over his body and crushed him|
to death by a falling stone from the roof|
1 John Findlay died on 28th December 1895
2 He died between
ten and eleven o'clock forenoon
3 A large stone fell on him from the
roof of a seam in No 8 Pit. He was killed instantly
4 Source 2B is reliable
as evidence of dangers for miners in the late nineteenth century because;
* Primary source written at the time when miners were exposed to danger in the
* A report from a Fatal Accident Inquiry, therefore likely to be accurate.
* Tells us about the death of John Findlay
* Limited - only tells us about
the death of one miner.
1 Each pitman was expected
to work at least 5 full days each week.
2 The workman was responsible
for the upkeep of the house, although the employer would look after the roof.
3 Primary source from the late nineteenth century when miners were working
underground Agreement between owner of Donibristle Colliery and his workmen Tells
us about hours of work and other conditions Limitation: does not mention pay
1 A miner was expected to work ten days a fortnight.
2 They agree that the house was to be given up when the miner left their
job. Source 3A says "such possession shall terminate absolutely on the expiry
of said contract" and Source 3B says the house "shall be quitted whenever the
work is left".
3 Miners were expected to obey the instructions of the
overseer without using abusive language
house has a sloping ceiling. This looks low and damp as wallpaper is falling off.
It has a small window and a big fireplace. The inhabitants eat and sleep in the
same room. There is not much furniture.
2. Primary evidence from 1930s
Photograph that shows conditions inside a house
Shows slum conditions such
as damp walls, peeling wallpaper and lack of space
Limitation - only shows
a house at Standburn
1 Houses are single storey,
with brick walls and slate roofs. There is a mud road.
2 Yes. The houses
look small, however, Source 4A is an attic dwelling. Housing conditions appear
to be poor in both sources.
1 Houses had
rhones added to carry away roof water.
2 There was a need for a plentiful
supply of pure water
Houses needed to be larger to eliminate overcrowding
1 This house has an open coal fire. There is plenty
of furniture and plenty of space. There is an electric light hanging from the
ceiling. It has a large window allowing light and ventilation.
2 Source 4A
only has a small window with only one pane opening. Source 5B has a large window.
Source 4A is poorly decorated while 5B is well decorated. Source 5B looks clean
while 4A looks dirty. Source 4A has a bed in the room, Source 5B does not.