|Suggested answers for the on-line questions are provided
below. To allow for differentiation, worksheets are provided at Standard Grade
Foundation / Access 3 levels.|
1. Useful because:
· Primary source taken at the time of poor housing in Scotland
· Shows narrow
close, open sewer, lack of sunlight
· Photograph showing actual conditions
1. 1254 families lived in 55 tenements
persons lived in tenemnets
3. 33 privies were provided
4. 1 privie to
5. They were in a scandalous condition, quite unfit for decency.
They were wretched and in a filthy condition.
|Bed Chair||1|| |
|Kitchen bed|| ||2|
|Second bed|| ||2|
|One bed||4|| |
1. There was scarcely any furniture.
Often a bed without bedding. Very little of any kind kitchen or of useful utensils.
Living in deepest poverty.
2. He did not like the smell of the sewage. The
atmosphere was so close and foetid he wanted to get fresh air.
1.Manure heap almost blocked the entrance
discovered a smell of ammonia; a feeling of sinking into manure; it was so dark
they could not see anything.
3. Cows occupied two-thirds of available space.
4. There was a hole in roof above fire. A wooden plank resting on stones. No bed
or bedding. One of cows had a cough. It was extremely dark.
1 Agrees with A6 as there is a 6 foot pile of manure blocking entrance.
No windows in picture so dark inside.
Board of Health thought that the four areas were cleanliness, dress, intemperance,
|AREA FOR ACTION||ACTION
wash with soap and water. Wash clothes and bedclothes. Keep houses well aired
and remove filth.|
clothing with inner garments of flannel and worsted stockings should be worn.
Wet should be avoided. Keep feet dry.|
use of intoxicating liquid as it is hurtful.|
raw vegetables Eat a nourishing diet and take regular exercise.|
3. Symptoms are giddiness, great languor and looseness in the bowels
recommends mixing mustard powder, salt and lukewarm water. Patient should swallow
this until they vomit. Should be wrapped in hot blankets.
1. Erysipelas, Scarlet Fever and Diphtheria were problem diseases in Melrose
district in 1894.
2. According to the source, waste (sewage) connected to
the drain, unventilated soil pipe and lack of ventilation connected poor housing
1. The source is useful because:
· Primary source, taken around 1890 at the time of polluted cities
which actually shows sewage in burn
· Shows children playing near the burn
· Limited as it does not show disease.
shows smoke pouring from lots of factory and house chimneys. It is difficult to
make out the city. The caption reads that this is a "clear day" at St Rollox.
1. She was concerned about the smell which was
offensive. It was very bad in the house. She had to block the keyhole and try
to stop the smoke getting in below the door.
2. She had a headache, sore breasts
and a cough.
3. Everything in the garden was blackened and had to be washed
e.g. clothes and vegetables. Boiling vegetables gave off a black scum.
1. The Act lead to improvements in the health of people
in Scottish towns as it rgulated the police of towns and populous places. It allowed
towns to set up lighting, cleansing, paving and draining. They could supply water
and promote public health.
1. Local authorities
should be responsible.
2. Refuse should be removed once a week
4. They have drainage works and a supply of water in common.
5. Useful because:
· Primary source written at time of improvements to public
· Written by a Medical Officer of Health and an expert in this area
· An official report therefore likely to be accurate
· Provides details of
the improvements and suggests action
· Limited because the source only deals
|site designed by Wark