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Teachers Notes
Sugested Answers
Suggested answers for the on-line questions are provided below. To allow for differentiation, worksheets are provided at Standard Grade Foundation / Access 3 levels.

Section 1

Source 1.A

1. Women wanted the vote according to Source 1.A because

They are working women
Wanted to improve their home conditions
Wanted sex equality

2. Leaflet was produced to

Campaign for women's views during an election
Explain why working women wanted the vote
To show the NUWSS point of view

3.Words and phrases highlighted

To emphasise that working women wanted the vote
To emphasise the benefits the vote would bring e.g. old age pensions, improvements to marriage and divorce laws, position of children

Source 1.B

1. Cartoon shows women had few rights by
Showing women bound and gagged
Tape shows the rights they did not have
- the vote
- equality before the law
- financial control
- shows they were open to prejudice

2, Cartoonist suggests getting the vote is most important
Shown by fact that this is the gag over her mouth

3.Vote would enable women to:
- have equality before the law
- fight prejudice
- change customs such as remaining at home

Source 2.A
1. Three peaceful methods of protest are
- giving a lecture
- petition to Parliament
- hold public meetings

source 2.B
1. Writer wanted Kirkwall Town Council to support petition / votes for women

2. Council responded by leaving the letter "on the table" i.e. they did nothing / left it open for discussion

3. Source is useful as evidence of methods of suffragists as:

- contemporary source from time of suffragist campaign for vote
- minute of council meeting so shows what council received and did
- records letter written by women's suffrage group
- shows peaceful methods of persuasion

Source 2.C
1. two reasons for holding sale of work are
- raise money
- show themselves to be as capable needlewomen, cooks, dressmakers etc as women who remain at home

2. Donations requested were
- homemade jams, marmalades, children's clothes, cakes, pies, tarts, jellies, sweets

3. Attraction of Holloway Cell is that Holloway a women's prison , so would show that women were being subjected to unfair treatment

Source 3.a and 3.B
1. Sources show difference in methods of protest.
Source 3.A shows women peacefully distributing Suffragette newspaper
Source 3.B states women destroyed glass case containing Wallace's sword / were arrested / caused damage

Source 3.C
1. Source is valuable as evidence as
- it is contemporary from time of suffragette protest
- official court document so accurate record
- shows offences, witnesses, evidence, verdict and sentence
- shows aliases used by suffragettes

Source 3.D
1. Describes methods of feeding by mentioning
- inserting catheter into stomach
- connecting it with feeding funnel
- pouring warm water down tube
- introducing food
- pours more warm water
- pinches catheter and withdraws it from stomach

2. Foods are:
- thin custard
- mixture of milk and eggs
- broth
3. Process took 2-3 minutes

Source 3.E
1. Other name she was known by are
- Ethel Moorhead
- Mary Humphreys
- Margaret Morrison

Used aliases to escape police attention / to ensure they were not caught make it seem like more suffragettes were campaigning than actually were

2. On hunger strike 6 times. Was force fed - once for 5 days

3. Released October 1913 under the Prisoners Temporary Discharge Act 1913 (Cat and Mouse Act)

4. Source is reliable as evidence because:
- primary source from time when suffragettes being imprisoned
- official document to keep a record of prisoners
- a register so purpose is to keep accurate record
- Detail - gives dates, names, aliases, courts, where imprisoned, why released

Source 4.A
1. Author wants to weep because she sees women parading the streets and demonstrating

2. Attitude of author to suffragettes is one of annoyance, appalled, disagreement - she thinks women's place is in the home

3. Source is useful because

- contemporary source from time of suffrage movement
- author an ordinary person / a mother
- letter to son showing private and honest views
- tells us she does not like what they women are doing

Source 5.A and 5.B
1. Tells us that women
- were replacing men
- working in dangerous jobs (munitions and fire fighting)

2. Women were required to do these tasks because
- men were away fighting
- shortage of labour

3. Source is valuable as evidence as
- contemporary sources form time of First World War during which women given vote
- photos showing what women did during war
- women working in munitions factories/ being trained as fire fighters
- but only shows women working - does not state reasons why women got vote
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